Gynecomastia (Male Breast Reduction)

Gynecomastia (Male Breast Reduction)

Plastic surgery involves many choices and EsteWorld is here to help you embrace those choices with comfort.Also known as gynecomastia, breast reduction for men is the surgical correction of over-developed or enlarged breasts. It is a common affliction in men of all ages. It can be the result of hormonal changes, heredity conditions, disease or the use of certain medications.This condition can cause emotional stress and impair self-confidence; as a result some men may even go to the extent of avoiding certain physical activities and intimacy.

What is Gynecomastia?Why Does It Happen?

Gynecomastia is an abnormal but benign growth of breast tissue in men as a result of an imbalance of estrogen and testosterone hormones. This condition can affect one breast in some cases and both breasts in other cases. Both breasts may be irregularly affected and grow to different sizes.

Newborns, adolescent boys and older men can develop gynecomastia as a result of normal changes in hormone levels. However, other causes can also influence the development of gynecomastia.

Gynecomastia is usually not a serious health problem, but it can be difficult for individuals to deal with. Men with gynecomastia have been observed to experience chest pain. Also, in some cases, the individual may feel embarrassed about the condition.

Depending on the cause of gynecomastia, the condition may resolve spontaneously in some patients, while others may require solutions such as medication or surgery.

Causes of Gynecomastia

Conditions in which gynecomastia may develop due to hormone imbalances are as follows:

  • Physiological Causes:
  • In newborns, childhood, adolescence and old age, gynecomastia may occur due to rapid changes in hormone levels, which may be short-term, self-limiting and then resolve.
  • Newborn babies may have similar growth of breast tissue due to estrogen hormone levels in the placenta.
  • During breastfeeding, the estrogen hormone in breast milk can pass to the child, increasing the amount of estrogen in the blood and causing temporary gynecomastia.
  • During puberty, as the balance between testosterone and estrogen changes, breast tissue can temporarily cause gynecomastia.
  • As testosterone production decreases in older men, the effect of estrogen and progesterone increases and gynecomastia may develop.
  • Diseases:

Conditions such as liver diseases, hyperthyroidism, chronic renal failure, cancer and genetic diseases can lead to gynecomastia due to hormone imbalances.

  • Medications:

Some corticosteroids, antibiotics, hormone therapies, heart disease medications, HIV treatment medications, antidepressants, ulcer medications or psychiatric medications including amphetamines can cause gynecomastia by increasing estrogen and progesterone levels.

Who is a Suitable Candidate for Breast Reduction?

Breast reduction surgery in Turkey is best suited for women with

  • Breast size is disproportionate to the body
  • Pain due to breast size
  • Skin irritation
  • Restrictions on activity
  • Asymmetric breast size

Who is a Suitable Candidate for Male Breast Reduction?

Gynecomastia surgery is a highly individualized and elective procedure, in which you should have purely for yourself and not to fulfill someone else’s wishes.

You are an ideal candidate if:

  • You are physically fit.
  • You are of normal weight.
  • You have realistic expectations.
  • Your breast development has stabilized.
  • Your condition cannot be corrected through alternative medical treatments.
  • You do not have a life-threatening illness or medical conditions that can hinder healing.
  • You are a non-smoker.
  • You are a non-drug user.
  • You have a positive outlook and specific goals.

What Are the Types of Gynecomastia Surgery?


Pseudogynecomastia refers to the enlargement of male breasts primarily due to excess fat rather than glandular tissue. Unlike true gynecomastia, which involves glandular growth, pseudogynecomastia can often be addressed through lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise.

Gynecomastia treatment without surgery

Non-surgical gynecomastia treatment options include medications and lifestyle modifications. Medications may target hormonal imbalances, while lifestyle changes focus on diet and exercise. This approach is suitable for individuals with mild to moderate cases of gynecomastia who prefer non-invasive methods.

Unilateral gynecomastia

Unilateral gynecomastia occurs when only one breast is affected by enlargement. This type of gynecomastia may lead to uneven chest appearance. Surgical intervention is often considered for unilateral cases to achieve symmetry and restore a more balanced chest contour.

How is Gynecomastia Performed in Turkey?

Gynecomastia surgery in Turkey typically involves a few basic steps:

  1. Consultation:

The process begins with a consultation with a qualified plastic surgeon. The surgeon assesses the individual’s condition, discusses goals and explains the surgical options available.

  1. Medical Evaluation:

Prior to the procedure, the patient undergoes a medical evaluation, including tests to ensure that he or she is fit for surgery. This ensures a comprehensive understanding of the individual’s health status.

  1. Surgical Techniques:

Various surgical techniques can be used, such as liposuction for fat removal, excision for glandular tissue reduction, or a combination of both. The approach chosen depends on the size and nature of the gynecomastia.

  1. Anesthesia:

Gynecomastia surgery is performed under anesthesia to ensure patient comfort and a pain-free experience during the procedure.

  1. Incision Placement:

Incisions are strategically placed, usually in inconspicuous locations, to minimize visible scarring. The surgeon then reshapes the breast for a more masculine contour by removing excess fat and glandular tissue.

What Should Be Considered Before and After Gynecomastia?

Before Male Breast Reduction

The following steps may be requested before gynecomastia surgery:

  • To have the necessary tests for medical evaluation
  • Avoiding smoking
  • Not using aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs and herbal supplements
  • Taking certain medications or adjusting the dosage of existing medication

After Male Breast Reduction

  • After gynecomastia surgery, the chest is covered with gauze and bandages while the incisions heal. 
  • If necessary, thin tubes can be inserted under the skin to drain excess blood or fluid accumulation. 
  • You will be informed about the medications to be used during the healing process and how to care for the chest area, and a follow-up appointment will be scheduled.
  • It is important that the skin at the incision site is handled gently and should not be subjected to any abrasive movement. 
  • Any physical exertion should be avoided for at least one month after gynecomastia surgery.
  • It usually takes one to two weeks to return to normal activities, but in order to see the final results of the surgery, internal and external healing must be completed and swelling and bruising must completely disappear, and this may take three to six months. 
  • Postoperative scars are usually permanent, but may fade over time and can sometimes be hidden within the natural breast contours.

It is important to discuss the details of the postoperative and healing process with your surgeon.

Why Should I Get Gynecomastia in Turkey?

Opting for gynecomastia surgery in Turkey offers a compelling combination of expertise, affordability, and aesthetic results. Turkish plastic surgeons are internationally recognized for their proficiency and commitment to patient satisfaction. The country boasts modern medical facilities equipped with advanced technologies. Additionally, the cost of gynecomastia surgery in Turkey is often more budget-friendly compared to many Western countries, without compromising on the quality of care. Choosing Turkey for this procedure allows individuals to benefit from skilled professionals, cutting-edge facilities, and cost-effectiveness, ensuring a positive and satisfying experience.

Gynecomastia Cost in Turkey

Traveling to Turkey to avail plastic surgery services can be an economical option for patients seeking treatment abroad. The cost of male breast reduction surgery in Turkey has become extremely affordable based on a number of advantageous factors, including the lower cost of living in Turkey as well as the high exchange rate of the British Pound to the Turkish Lira.

Male breast reduction Turkey prices include treatment costs, accommodation, transfers, medications, patient escort and interpreter so that a comprehensive service is provided for patients.

Turkey is one of the most ideal options for patients considering abroad for gynecomastia surgery. The cost of gynecomastia surgery in Turkey in 2024 offers a more affordable option compared to treatment prices in the UK, making it an attractive alternative for patients looking to get rid of excess weight around the chest and achieve a more masculine appearance.

You can contact Esteworld to get detailed information about 2024 gynecomastia prices in Turkey. Meet Esteworld’s expert plastic surgeons and achieve the results you want.


The decision to have gynecomastia surgery is extremely personal and you have to decide if the benefits will achieve your goals and if the risks and potential complications are acceptable to you.